In conjunction with the â€œCultural Relics and Health Care - National Cultural Assets Health Care Campaignâ€, Hong Yi Art? held a lecture recently, which was presided over by Prof. Shi Binshi and demonstrated on the spot. He hoped to promote the right general knowledge of holding and packaging of cultural relics to the general public. . The following summary speeches are shared with readers.
Before holding, first place a cushion under the plane where the artifacts are to be placed, remove the accessories worn on the hands, wash hands, and decide whether to wear gloves depending on the nature of the artifacts. The texture of the gloves must be delicate. The cultural relics that must be worn when holding the glasses include jade articles, bronze wares, and Buddha statues. Wearing a glove while holding a jade can prevent grease or sweat from eroding the stone. Bronze can prevent the copper rust from changing due to the humidity of the sweat. The Buddha can avoid detailed damage. When holding cultural relics of calligraphy and painting, you must wear a mask to prevent inhalation of dust or saliva.
Holders do not need to wear gloves, there are inlaid screw lacquer ware, because the gloves are easy to hook off the lacquer ware. In addition, the porcelain part depends on the circumstances. For example, the glaze composition of the Liao Dynasty green glazed clay pot contains lead, which is toxic to the human body. Wearing a glove when holding it can prevent the poison from directly contacting the human body. Glazed ceramics are afraid of peeling after touching and they must wear gloves. Blue and white porcelain can be held directly without fear of touch.
When taking out the objects from the box, the box should be reversed to make the objects stand upright. The handy body parts should be firmly held by one hand and the bottom should be removed slowly. Do not grasp with one hand. If the device has a cover or a two-layer structure, it should be removed one by one to ensure that the attachment does not fall off due to shaking. Most ceramics are fragile and cannot be worn along the mouth or ears. However, the Yixing pots, which are generally sized, are practical devices. They are strong and can be handled. The bronze mirror is to reverse the box, pick it up by hand, and then hold the mirror edge instead of the mirror button.
In the old artifacts, it was not easy for the structure to become loose. From the outside, it was visually known that it should be supported by both hands, keeping the balance of gravity, and moving with a tray with a substrate. Large or heavy weights, such as tables and chairs, furniture, and large bowls, should be held together by many people and moved by large-scale bicycles.
When displaying porcelain, the bottom of the device should be fixed with clay on the pedestal, and then the 4th fishing line should be wrapped around the porcelain body. The transparent plastic hose (with an inner diameter of 1.2 mm, which can reach the fishing tackle) should only be put on the fishing line that contacts the porcelain. Asked by the store) to avoid galling or scratching the glaze, and then secure the coil to the pedestal with a nailed needle in a diagonal manner.
The reel of paintings and cultural relics should pay special attention to the shedding of axes when lifting. When hanging, the tie of the hanging shaft and the scroll must be firm, be careful that the rope is broken, which causes the scroll shaft to fall off or hung off or fall off, causing the scroll to break or tear. When painting, first hold the two ends of the scroll with both hands, then use a fork to hold the tie, and the other hand to catch the lower end of the scroll to maintain balance and slowly rise. When the size of the frame is large, two to three people should cooperate. At the time of drawing, the scroll is rolled up at the bottom of the scroll. The other hand draws the lanyard with the picture and removes it. Finally, it is wound tightly. Be careful not to touch the drawing center. The knot should be placed on the shaft roller. When looking through the folded album, the index finger is inserted in the reverse page of the page.
For long-term preservation, it is customary for tailor-made individual devices to contain wooden boxes or boxes containing cotton linings. However, before the receipt of cultural relics and special boxes, it is necessary to look at the types of cultural relics and the size of the boxes. The carton is used as a protective box. The inside of the box is covered with a sponge, and the thick sponge is used to cut the outer shape of the objects, or the foam is used to fill the gaps around the artifacts, so as to reduce the impact when moving or shaking.
Particular attention should be given to those parts of the artifacts that are prominent, brittle, or easily peeled off, such as the lids, handles, mouths, figurines, fingers, streamers, the ears of the bottles, the ceramics of the disk-shaped mouth, the rims of glass bottles, etc. Need to use acid-free, soft paper dressing. Long-necked items are usually large in abdomen, and the neck should be carefully wrapped around the size of the body to maintain balance. Relics made up of multiple parts, such as pot lids for pots, pedestals for Buddha statues, and backlights, each of which must be individually packaged. Low-temperature fired pottery pottery, such as the Han Dynasty pottery or pottery pottery, is used to prevent the clay or color from peeling off when the package is touched. Before wrapping, it must be wrapped in a thin film (such as plastic wrap) and then wrapped in paper or sponge. The liner is then put into the box.
Reproduced from: yuanlin.com