First, metal plate printing
According to incomplete statistics, there were about 800 metal plate printing machines and more than 300 coating machines by the year 2003. Among them, the imports of iron printing machines and domestic production accounted for half of the total, while the proportion of domestic machines for coating machines was relatively large. Iron printing machines are mostly monochrome and two-color. Recently, Shanghai Baosteel Group Baoyin Metal Coating Co., Ltd. introduced Germany's first automatic, high-precision six-color printing iron production line, which helps to promote the level of domestic metal plate printing technology and equipment.
Two, two and three beverage cans
China's original 22 aluminum two-piece can companies are basically foreign-owned or Sino-foreign joint ventures, of which 6 have been suspended or have not started. The original 26 production lines, due to the oversupply of the market, stopped production of 7 and the existing 19 were in operation. The production capacity is about 110-12 billion, and the current market demand is only about 7 billion. Although there is great potential to be tapped, the further expansion of the aluminum two-piece can market will depend on the improvement of localization of aluminum sheet. At present, basically still rely on imported aluminum, spending a lot of foreign exchange.
China's existing three-piece beverage cans production line with tinplate as raw material is about 300 (about 60% imported from abroad), of which 40% of high-speed production lines are 800-1200 cans per minute, and the rest are medium and low-speed production lines, with an average of 400 cans per minute. The total annual production capacity is nearly 20 billion cans. However, the current actual consumer demand is only about 6 billion cans. Blind introduction caused serious oversupply. Two- and three-piece beverage cans will inevitably have room for development in the future with the economic growth of people's lives. It is recommended that relevant departments refrain from introducing blindly and that the idle equipment in the eastern region should be transferred to the west.
Third, aerosol cans
China's aerosol can technology is widely used in hygienic insecticide, chemical, cosmetics, and rural areas, and it has also newly developed applications in food, air fresheners, and pharmaceuticals. The output of aerosol cans grew from 30 million cans in the mid-1980s to 560 million cans in 2002. In 2003, the demand for SARS surged to 610 million cans, which is the fastest growing category of metal packaging. It is expected that the demand will reach 800 million cans in 2005, and there is still room for development of this product.
Fourth, all kinds of bottle caps
Metal bottle caps include aluminum flaps, anti-theft caps, and tinplate unscrewing lids and crown caps. At present, China has more than 150 imported stamping production lines. For example, crown caps: The production speeds of different types of equipment are respectively 110,000, 140,000, and 270,000. The annual production capacity of all kinds of bottle caps exceeds 75 billion, and the actual market demand is about 50 billion, exceeding supply.
In various cap market, Wuxi Huapeng Jiabao Bottle Cap Co., Ltd.'s rotary cap, Shanghai Ziquan Packing Co., Ltd.'s crown cap, Zhuhai Haishun, Taicang Xingda's aluminum canopy, Shandong Li Peng The aluminum anti-theft covers, Zhejiang Yiwu and Changhong, and Zhangzhou, Fujian Henglong packaging tinplate large opening cans cover are representative, most of this product is used in food canning industry.
Miscellaneous cans mainly refer to special-shaped cans other than standard cans used for holding solid foods, stationery, medicines, toys, and gifts. The export packaging gift box is the main export of Chinese metal cans. The current market demand is about 5 billion. It is expected that the production of miscellaneous tanks will reach 6 billion and 8 billion respectively in 2005 and 2010, and companies producing miscellaneous tanks will have profit margins among high-precision scale companies.
Sixth, chemical barrels
Chemical barrels mainly refer to kegs below 1-18 liters. It is mainly used as relay packaging for raw material foods, chemical coatings and paints, lubricants, etc. In recent years its output has been growing vigorously. At the end of the Ninth Five-Year Plan period, it increased by 16.2% from the end of the Eighth Five-Year Plan period. It is expected that the output at the end of the fifteenth period will increase by 58.2%, reaching 68%. Billion only.
Seven cans empty cans
According to incomplete statistics, about 4 billion cans of canned tin cans are used annually, and there is great potential for future growth under the continuous growth of exports and domestic sales.
Eight, steel drum
At present, the production capacity of the 35 liters-200-liter steel drums in the country has reached more than 80 million, and the market demand is 60 million. The advent of 200 litre plastic buckets, canned trucks, and bulk shipping has exacerbated competition in the steel barrel industry. Despite this, at the end of the Ninth Five-Year Plan period, the barrel output increased by 17.75% from the end of the Eighth Five-Year Plan period. With the development of the chemical and petroleum industries, it is expected that there will be a substantial increase in the future.
At present, there are four major problems in China's metal packaging industry that need to be solved.
One or two cans, three beverage cans, crown caps, excess production capacity of chemical barrels below 18 liters, and the quality of premium quality products is clearly insufficient. There are too few companies that can produce small-capacity, ultra-thin tanks, special-shaped cans and boutique tanks that are suitable for supermarket shelf effects. The variety of cans is single, and it is difficult to meet the requirements for further development of packaging, which restricts the development of metal packaging.
Second, metal packaging companies are mostly small and have low industrial concentration. The annual domestic consumption of tinplate is more than 10,000 tons and the company has about 60 companies. The domestic leading company, COFCO (including Wuxi Huapeng Bottle Cap, Guangzhou Fanyu Meite) consumes 75,000 tons of tinplate annually, and produces and sells 800 million yuan, in addition to COFCO. In addition, there are large-scale enterprises such as Beijing Orijin Xinmei Group, Fujian N-Group, Fujian Jiamei Group, Sanshui Jianlibao Can, Haikou Yeshu Can Making Company, and Shanghai Meilin Can Making Group, etc. There is still a big gap between large-scale enterprises in developed countries.
Third, the lack of talent and innovation capabilities. In general, there are not many companies in the metal packaging industry that develop and independently innovate advanced technologies and new products. At present, the mainstream equipment in the world has been developed in the direction of digitization, networking, high-speed and low-consumption, more environmental protection and humanization, while China's major metal packaging equipment and timber relying on imports have not yet been fundamentally changed.
4. The high price of tinplate is currently the greatest difficulty. Since June 2002, the price has been raised by more than 80%. While the metal can industry has increased its cost, the transfer to downstream industries is less than 20%. Times entered the trough.
At present, the key to the development of metal packaging companies is how to get out of the shadow of low-level, homogenization, and price competition, and to make a transition to differences, scale, professionalism, internationalization, and high value-added products. Many domestic large enterprises have already made successful explorations. The COFCO Met, Origen cans, Fujian Ning, and Shanghai Meilin cans are grouped and scaled up: Take Hangzhou Zhongliang as an example, and Hangzhou's single regional brand company has rapidly expanded to a single year. South China, East China, and North China are in one line, radiating the pattern of the national market and becoming the printing and packaging container development and production base of the China Packaging Federation. Orijing can making company takes Beijing as the leader and now has several joint ventures or joint ventures such as Hainan, Beijing, Shandong, and Xinjiang. It is also a model of integration. Dongguan â€œTianbaoâ€ hardware products factory takes the export-oriented â€œone-stopâ€ development model: design services, OEM processing and overseas markets, with small investment, large output, and become gift packaging, stationery, and office supplies. large enterprise.
China's role as a world packaging powerhouse, coupled with the development of downstream related industries, the WTO has entered three years and the 2008 Olympic Games, both of which have brought new opportunities for the development of the metal packaging industry. From the perspective of per capita consumption, the average per capita beverage in China is about 10 cans (two cans and three beverage cans), which is significantly lower than the average level of 375 cans per capita in the United States; the per capita annual consumption of canned food in China is less than 1.9 kg, while the average per capita of developed countries in Western Europe has reached 50 kilograms. Therefore, the government, associations, and related institutions need to provide support. The guarantee of talent, technology, and funding requires the support of the government and financial institutions to make metal packaging bigger and stronger and promote its healthy development.
Promote technological innovation:
In order to keep pace with the prosperity of the market, the variety of metal packaging products should be constantly updated, and lighter weight, more provincial materials, more environmentally friendly, and more visually appealing packaging continue to call for technological progress and innovation in metal packaging.
China's general production of tinplate thickness of 0.16-0.28mm, and developed countries have entered the era of ultra-thin iron products, the use of 0.12mm or even more thin tinplate and micro-seal technology for canning, making barrels and cover. It is said that in Taiwan Province and Japan have been successfully developed, canned directly with the fire heating canned, microwave ovens can be directly heated cans. These new technologies all require companies to explore from domestic and international markets, and in particular to strengthen communication with advanced countries, gradually narrowing the gap in order to promote the development of China's metal packaging industry as quickly as possible, from a packaging power to a packaging powerhouse.
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